The normal blood pressure ranges from 120/80 for a person in his twenties to about 160/90 in his sixties. The diastolic level is raised from the narrowing of small arteries and arterioles.

Common causes

Kidney related diseases: Patients suffering from kidney disease may go through hypertension because of the production of a substance called renin which raises blood pressure.

Hereditary Reasons: Sometimes if there are no specific reasons, it might be due to hereditary.

Symptoms and signs

The finding of a raised blood pressure is common, especially in women after the menopause; the condition may be symptomless and in the elderly, it is often harmless. The symptoms and signs of hypertension are in fact due to its effects on the heart and blood vessels, especially the cerebral arteries and smaller vessels in the retina of the eye, and effects on the kidneys.

  1. Head ache
  2. Nose Bleeding
  3. Breathlessness
  4. Visual Disturbance

It is advised to keep a track of the blood pressure every now and then. Always diagnose any discomfort you feel in terms of your blood pressure.


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