What is Yeast Infection

Candidiasis, also called thrush (an overgrowth of yeast in the mouth), is a fungal infection (mycosis) of any of the Candida species (all yeast) of which Candida albicans is the most common. Also commonly referred to as a yeast infection, candidiasis is also technically known as candidosis, moniliasis, and oidiomycosis (Princeton.edu 2013).

 
Candida albicans is a naturally occurring yeast that is found in everybody. In a balanced state, yeast population is controlled by our friendly bacteria, Lactobacillus acidophilus. Candidiasis is a yeast infection that typically begins in the digestive or genital system but may spread to other parts of the body such as the sinuses or skin. It is often a result of taking antibiotics, or of hormonal or pH changes. Antibiotics disrupt our healthy bacterial balance disrupt our healthy bacterial balance by killing off our good bacteria along with the bad infection-causing bacteria. A disruption of the bacterial balance leaves yeast to grow and flourish, ultimately resulting in a yeast infection like thrush (an overgrowth of yeast in the mouth) or genital yeast infections.Candida (yeast) is a fungus that lives almost everywhere, including in your body and usually your immune system that keeps yeast under control (Turner 2013).

Common symptoms include—  

  • White patches in your mouth
  • Esophagitis is thrush that spreads to your esophagus, the tube that takes food from your mouth to your stomach. Esophagitis can make it hard or painful to swallow.

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